Differentials in personal wealth and earnings are a large part of governments legislation.
No. I mean, ok, people calling themselves goverment put laws that regulate
what people are doing already (laws that are usually never heard), and there aren't much. Minimum Salary, and the rest is... pretty much taxes.
The basic universal wage should be allocated to all individual citizens irrespective of marital status, age, sex, gender, or whether or not an individual deserves the wage.
I'm not good at English, but I think you should take a look at your "deserve" meaning.
Additions to the basic universal wage should be
1. proven expertise
2. personal effort such as long education or apprenticeship
3. danger money
4. level of responsibility
Wanting to pay more. Because you love that person, because that person is an ignorant, a lazy, a... I don't know what's the meaning of the third point, and irresponsible, but it's the best giving results. Or because you just want to give money. Or things.
There should also be a cap on all earnings over a certain amount, and the cap would override market demand.One possible exception might be earnings from pure luck such as lotteries.
This is sadly shocking when you understand it; As long as it is because of luck, people don't care if you have more. The important thing for them is to be seen as "not worse".
Essential basic services such as defence, education, health, transport infrastructure, utilities , and social care should be paid for from taxation of earners, and from inherited wealth.
1. If everybody agrees in when is defence necesary, there wouldn't be necesary to pay for defence: Only you can defend yourself (paying or using others too).
2. Pretty much the same.
3. We are not equaly expensive in how much our health cost... and the same is true for education or defence...
4. Yep. I want to go to Hawai.
5. What is utilities?
6. What is social care?
Well, nothing of this will never happen, and you should already know it.