1. But what is self evident and how does it relate to what we can know? It may be self evident that my foot hurts but how does that relate to the big picture which reveals the reality of my self in a universal context?
The Self-Evident has been stated by me before. The existence of other minds, the reality of free-will, the idea of an Intelligent Designer, first-person authority on the mind, speech, and body, Time as existing as the Three Durations of Future-Present-Past, and so on.
2. 3. How do you define the "good?" for example is Havel's observation accurate? What is best?
"Hope is a state of mind, not of the world. Hope, in this deep and powerful sense, is not the same as joy that things are going well, or willingness to invest in enterprises that are obviously heading for success, but rather an ability to work for something because it is good." Vaclav Havel
The Good is the end of all pursuits and willing, but can become obscured mainly by ignorance, desire, and aversion.
4. What are the right conditions necessary to become human? Are they created through societal education or by remembering their purpose and acquiring the wisdom to live their value?
Kant's question seem simple but IMO they force us to admit what we don't know and understand and how easy it is to hide our ignorance with the condescending cloak of education.
Karma, I think. To live one's value is Karma, be it good or bad. The human rebirth is most precious and we can get a glimpse of all of the realms besides human through the human circumstance and conditions.