I have often accept knowledge as JTB [subject to Gettier] and Peter would reject such a definition.
Here is my explanation to why there is a confusion.
I have read your paper.Peter wrote:Here's a link to my paper on the failure of the JTB account of knowledge: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions.
I believe your views are too narrow and shallow which are very restricted to your chosen kind of epistemology [of Analytic Philosophy].
I have always viewed knowledge from its most widest perspective in alignment with reality - all there is.
In my case, knowledge can be justified to be defined as Justified True Beliefs and I have always qualified as subject to Gettier's Problem [which is confusing as explained below].
But on a more thorough reading of what is knowledge, I noted I have conflated
- 1. the Analytic Philosophy view of what is knowledge [as adopted by you]
2. what is the proper philosophical view of knowledge.
The Traditional View of JTB is;
The concept of justified true belief states that in order to know that a given proposition is true, one must not only believe the relevant true proposition, but also have justification for doing so. In more formal terms, an agent S knows that a proposition P is true if and only if:
- P is true
S believes that P is true, and
S is justified in believing that P is true
- A. attributed to 'personal' knowledge and
B. grounded on very flimsy definitions of the terms 'Justified' 'True' and 'Belief.'
- 1. Personal Knowledge
Personal knowledge is very subjective and in modern times has no credibility to truth unless justified properly within a credible FSK.
2. "Belief" in Traditional JTB
What is belief within the Traditional JTB is merely the common views, i.e. opinions by an individual.
3. Theories of Justification
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justifica ... tification
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justifica ... stemology)
- Justification (also called epistemic justification) is a concept in epistemology used to describe beliefs that one has good reason for holding. -wiki
- "Justification" involves the reasons why someone holds a belief that one should hold based on one's current evidence. Justification is a property of beliefs insofar as they are held blamelessly. In other words, a justified belief is a belief that a person is entitled to hold.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justifica ... _knowledge
- A woman sees a group of people and mistakes one of them, a stranger, for her friend.
So she believes her friend is there.
And as it happens, her friend really is there, but hidden. So what she believes is the case. But does she know her friend is there?
But the above way of defining and toying with 'what is knowledge' is very childish. Note the crude definition of 'belief' above. The list of justification do not include anything akin to how justification is done within Science.
What is needed to is define belief and perform justification process within philosophy-proper.
The traditional view of justification is this, "In other words, a justified belief is a belief that a person is entitled to hold" wtf is that?
It is very common sense, to ensure her belief is more solid, the women should have gone over to the group to confirm her friend is there or obtain other evidences, e.g. CCTV, other methods of verification etc. such that is acceptable to a jury in court.
The Philosophy-proper - the Modern Way of Defining Knowledge.
- 1. I have defined what is fact or knowledge as whatever is produce from a specific FSK.
2. To facilitate communication, the fact and knowledge produced is within a continuum of degree of veracity from high to low.
3. This continuum correspond the gradation to truth from opinions, beliefs and knowledge.
4. The degree of veracity of knowledge in this case correlate to the degree of the credibility of the justification process undertaken process opinions and beliefs to produce justified knowledge.
5. Therefore what is knowledge is Justified True Beliefs.
6. Scientific Knowledge is opinions, beliefs that are justified from the Scientific Framework and System. Such knowledge at present is has the highest rating as knowledge and justification.
Is my 'The Philosophy-proper Way of Defining Knowledge' as JTB is qualified within the conditions stipulated above, acceptable?