gaffo wrote: ↑
Sat Feb 09, 2019 11:49 pm
Of course all Colonialism is bad by default.
Just thinking about history, and concluded that all the former Brit colonies:
Hong Kong, South Africa, India, Autralia, NZ, Canada, USA, have a higher standard of living and more liberty generally than former nations of other colonial powers.
why is that?
again, not affirming the merits of colonialism - lol, but it seems to me nations today from colonial powers other than that of Britian in general have a lower standard of living, and less liberty.
Colonialism is bad but it has been extremely common throughout human history. It's kind of how we've always expanded; it isn't something that began with Europe. Basically any large, established territory today began as a small state that expanded and gobbled up the weaker/less organised/less prepared states around it. In some cases - like Hong Kong - the territory should have been colonized by a much nearer state but they never bothered so it was snatched up by more expansive states.
Anyway, the different tactics adopted by different colonizers/invaders determines how a country will end up to some degree. When the Maori invaded the Morimori, they apparently just killed them all, took everything, and left. Same story with Belgium in the Congo. Obviously that leaves a country completely crippled for generations. Britain tended to care more about setting up lucrative gravy trains which would last hundreds of years (trade routes that obviously benefited them a hell of a lot more than it benefited the Canadians, Indians, or South Africans, but the point stands). Many of the commanders were extremely cruel to the local populations, but they weren't on a genocidal rampage like the Belgians or Spanish.
Geography also comes into play. Canada, India, the US, Malaysia, Myanmar, Hong Kong - countries either rich in resources, established industries, perfectly located for international trade, or all of the above. Many of the places that the other European states invaded were too large to govern properly, lacking in established trade routes, hard to navigate, lacking in natural resources, lacking in developed industry, and so on.
So when the colonizers leave, the country is free from political oppression, but nothing can free them from nature's cruel yoke - if your country is hard to navigate, low in resources, has few natural ports, has no developed technology or education system, etc., then it's going to struggle no matter what.