Search found 1718 matches

by Peter Holmes
Fri Feb 12, 2021 11:54 am
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: Peter Singer: The Triviality of Is-Ought in Morality
Replies: 30
Views: 588

Re: Peter Singer: The Triviality of Is-Ought in Morality

Claim: In the current discussion of morality, Hume's is-ought is seldom leveraged as critical to moral claims.

False. The is/ought barrier, being insuperable, is the defeater for moral objectivism.
by Peter Holmes
Fri Feb 12, 2021 11:51 am
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: 'Vulgar'-Morality versus Morality-Proper
Replies: 36
Views: 533

Re: 'Vulgar'-Morality versus Morality-Proper

Claim: man has a potential to be (morally) good.

But what we count as 'being good' is a matter of opinion - even if we all agree on that opinion.

So morality is subjective.
by Peter Holmes
Fri Feb 12, 2021 11:39 am
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: What Does "Objective" Mean With Respect to Morality?
Replies: 80
Views: 1083

Re: What Does "Objective" Mean With Respect to Morality?

What 'objective' means with respect to morality is what 'objective' means with respect to anything else - barring equivocation or an explanation of a non-standard use of the word 'objective' in relation to morality. So since what we call objectivity is independence from opinion when considering the ...
by Peter Holmes
Fri Feb 12, 2021 11:28 am
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: Gerwith: IS/OUGHT Resolved Rationally
Replies: 190
Views: 1364

Re: Gerwith: IS/OUGHT Resolved Rationally

So Gerwith's is 'one of the strongest arguments against the is-ought problem'.

But there are severe problems with Gerwith's argument.

And because classical logic is no good for establishing moral objectivity, we should try non-classical logics.

Stroll on.
by Peter Holmes
Thu Feb 11, 2021 12:32 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: What could make morality objective?
Replies: 4771
Views: 257867

Re: What could make morality objective?

A detective, on arrival at the scene of the crime: 'Okay, what are the facts?' Officer in attendance: 'Well, given that a fact is just a social construct, a description whose truth-value would be false in a different context, since because of the Munchausen trilemma, no claim is provable, and facts ...
by Peter Holmes
Thu Feb 11, 2021 9:06 am
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: 'Vulgar'-Morality versus Morality-Proper
Replies: 36
Views: 533

Re: 'Vulgar'-Morality versus Morality-Proper

Here's a claim: 'It is already evident there is an inherent moral function within each individual that is slowly unfolding.' (VA) And here's another claim: 'Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the more often and steadily we reflect upon them: the starry heavens ...
by Peter Holmes
Thu Feb 11, 2021 8:43 am
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: Gerwith: IS/OUGHT Resolved Rationally
Replies: 190
Views: 1364

Re: Gerwith: IS/OUGHT Resolved Rationally

So far I have raised about 13 threads to support the points, - one can derived ought from is. - the is-ought problem is trivial upon words - the collapse of the fact-value dichotomy - Hume the originator of the is-ought problem is inconsistent In addition to the above, one of the strongest argument...
by Peter Holmes
Wed Feb 10, 2021 4:58 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: 'States of Affairs" [Analytic] [Moral].
Replies: 42
Views: 563

Re: 'States of Affairs" [Analytic] [Moral].

'If language is the foundation of meaning then you are already committed to anti-realism.' Nope. That words can mean only what we use them to mean doesn't mean that language is the foundation of meaning. That claim is incoherent. And nope. Realism and anti-realism are ontologies, and 'what exists' ...
by Peter Holmes
Wed Feb 10, 2021 4:45 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: 'States of Affairs" [Analytic] [Moral].
Replies: 42
Views: 563

Re: 'States of Affairs" [Analytic] [Moral].

Fatuous claims: 'If language is the foundation of meaning then you are already committed to anti-realism.' Nope. That words can mean only what we use them to mean doesn't mean that language is the foundation of meaning. That claim is incoherent. And nope. Realism and anti-realism are ontologies, and...
by Peter Holmes
Wed Feb 10, 2021 1:47 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: 'States of Affairs" [Analytic] [Moral].
Replies: 42
Views: 563

Re: 'States of Affairs" [Analytic] [Moral].

5.1 The Unity-Problem If one conceives of a state of affairs as complexes that “contain” particulars and properties, one needs to answer the unity-question “What unifies some particulars and properties into one state of affairs?” An answer to this question should distinguish states of affairs from ...
by Peter Holmes
Wed Feb 10, 2021 1:39 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: is/ought, final answer
Replies: 304
Views: 3094

Re: is/ought, final answer

His C1 is okay: if we're making an inventory of all existent phenomena, that inventory will include oughts, simply because people say and think things like "one ought not remove toast from a plugged-in toaster with a fork" and "one ought not force someone else to remove toast from a plugged-in toas...
by Peter Holmes
Tue Feb 09, 2021 5:50 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: is/ought, final answer
Replies: 304
Views: 3094

Re: is/ought, final answer

>The claim 'goal Y is desirable' expresses an opinion, which is subjective. And if the criterion for moral rightness / wrongness is 'that which is / is not desirable', then morality is not objective. There are ways of being that are obviously better for All goals. There are ways to find agreement o...
by Peter Holmes
Tue Feb 09, 2021 4:31 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: is/ought, final answer
Replies: 304
Views: 3094

Re: is/ought, final answer

"X is consistent with goal Y" is a moral assertion, the unspoken premise being that goal Y is desirable. The claim 'goal Y is desirable' expresses an opinion, which is subjective. And if the criterion for moral rightness / wrongness is 'that which is / is not desirable', then morality is not object...
by Peter Holmes
Tue Feb 09, 2021 3:50 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: is/ought, final answer
Replies: 304
Views: 3094

Re: is/ought, final answer

is/ought goes like this.. Trump is a moron THEREFORE..... We ought to.... kill him, send him, to school, ignore him, (take your pick) Child molestation IS bad for children. Therefore we ought to ... (take your pick) Answers do not necessarily follow from the "IS". I can think of many possible and d...
by Peter Holmes
Tue Feb 09, 2021 3:44 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: Fact [re Analytic] [re Morality]
Replies: 32
Views: 432

Re: Fact [re Analytic] [re Morality]

Wittgenstein's 'On Certainty' did not mark a radical departure from his ideas in 'Philosophical Investigations' and other later writings. On the contrary, in 'On Certainty', he was extending and developing his insights into the autonomy of grammar and the nature of language games - for example the ...