Search found 375 matches

by Peter Holmes
Sat Jul 07, 2018 3:34 am
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: Is morality objective or subjective?
Replies: 193
Views: 3897

Re: Is morality objective or subjective?

Hi, Immanuel Can. I've been going through what you say, and I think you may be stuck with a misconception about value, so that you're tilting at a giant straw man. (By the way, 'objective-subjective', 'fact-value' and 'is-ought' are different but complementary names for the same distinction.) Think ...
by Peter Holmes
Fri Jul 06, 2018 8:07 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: Is morality objective or subjective?
Replies: 193
Views: 3897

Re: Is morality objective or subjective?

Thanks, Immanuel Can. I think you've misunderstood my argument, and primarily the distinction between falsifiable factual assertions with truth value, and unfalsifiable moral assertions, which express judgements and therefore have no truth value. But you've written a great deal, and it'll take more ...
by Peter Holmes
Fri Jul 06, 2018 7:13 pm
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: Is morality objective or subjective?
Replies: 193
Views: 3897

Re: Is morality objective or subjective?

I'm distinguishing between factual and non-factual assertions. So that true factual assertions are what we call facts, because they correctly assert something about a feature of reality. (I prefer the word 'assertion' to the word 'proposition', for various reasons.)
by Peter Holmes
Fri Jul 06, 2018 10:35 am
Forum: Ethical Theory
Topic: Is morality objective or subjective?
Replies: 193
Views: 3897

Is morality objective or subjective?

The key to answering this question is the difference between factual and moral assertions – and how this relates to what we call objectivity and subjectivity. We use the word objective to mean to ‘relying on facts’. And facts are true regardless of what anyone believes or claims to know, and regardl...
by Peter Holmes
Sat Dec 09, 2017 6:00 pm
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: Are the Three Laws of Logic correct?
Replies: 52
Views: 8037

Re: Are the Three Laws of Logic correct?

Just some thoughts about the rules of logic - and sorry if this rehashes what others have said. Logic, and particularly the three classical rules, deal with language, not reality. For example, the identity rule - an apple is an apple - tells us nothing about what an apple is, or why an apple is diff...
by Peter Holmes
Thu Aug 03, 2017 10:08 am
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions
Replies: 16
Views: 2938

Re: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions

Thanks, Londoner. That's very useful and interesting. I have several questions about what you say that I need time to formulate - but I have to take a break for a while. Just wanted you to know I'm grateful for the time and care you've taken, and I hope to respond in time.
by Peter Holmes
Wed Aug 02, 2017 8:19 pm
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions
Replies: 16
Views: 2938

Re: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions

[/quote]The 'cogito' bit only tells us a subject exists, not that any particular sense experiences are valid in the sense of being true representations of the world. That sense experiences are reliable is the consequence of a seperate argument - that our knowledge of God is not derived from sense ex...
by Peter Holmes
Mon Jul 31, 2017 11:11 pm
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions
Replies: 16
Views: 2938

Re: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions

[/quote]You're really talking about the tension between empiricism and rationalism. As it stands, the dialogue is generally couched in terms of the anti-realism of Bas Van Fraasen, and the inference to best explanation of Peter Lipton. The problem of induction has not been solved, propositions are s...
by Peter Holmes
Mon Jul 31, 2017 9:27 pm
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions
Replies: 16
Views: 2938

Re: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions

Thanks. What I don't understand is how what you're saying relates to my OP. Unless you construct a cogent argument addressing mine, I can't respond coherently. And that's fine.
by Peter Holmes
Wed Jul 26, 2017 9:33 pm
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions
Replies: 16
Views: 2938

Re: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions

Thanks. There are several things here I'd like to spend more time on. But one immediate question: if the problem of induction remains unsolved, why are experiences certain?
by Peter Holmes
Wed Jul 26, 2017 8:29 pm
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions
Replies: 16
Views: 2938

Re: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions

Okay, but I suggest a slightly different approach. In deductive inference, the premise(s) entail the conclusion, so that it's irrational to accept the premise(s) and reject the conclusion. But the truth of the premise(s) is not the business of logic to decide. Inferential validity and soundness are ...
by Peter Holmes
Wed Jul 26, 2017 3:22 pm
Forum: Introduce Yourself
Topic: Hi, everyone.
Replies: 3
Views: 851

Hi, everyone.

I'm an English graduate and taught the subject in the UK. Since then I've worked as an editor and trainer with Plain English Campaign. But now I'm semi-retired and live half the year in the UK and half in Rhodes. Having been a 'later Wittgensteinian' for many years, I got around to writing a short p...
by Peter Holmes
Wed Jul 26, 2017 2:13 pm
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions
Replies: 16
Views: 2938

Justified true belief: knowledge and the myth of propositions

The Gettier problem is that some cases of justified true belief don't amount to knowledge, so the JTB definition is inadequate. But I suggest that Gettier-cases really demonstrate the muddle caused by the myth of propositions. A Gettier-case is a story with dramatic irony. Given that the story is fi...
by Peter Holmes
Tue Jul 18, 2017 7:35 pm
Forum: Introduce Yourself
Topic: Hi, everyone.
Replies: 0
Views: 424

Hi, everyone.

I've decided to find and talk to other people who care about philosophy. It would be great now and then no to feel so odd.