Search found 871 matches

by A_Seagull
Tue Apr 23, 2019 10:05 pm
Forum: General Philosophical Discussion
Topic: Freedom of Religion
Replies: 41
Views: 1228

Re: Freedom of Religion

Rights don't need a rationale, they are empirical. People claim rights for those things that they want. But they claim them in such a way as to claim they're owed them. And that's where the need for justification appears. For example, you can claim a "right to free lunch" if you want. And empirical...
by A_Seagull
Tue Apr 23, 2019 4:57 am
Forum: General Philosophical Discussion
Topic: Freedom of Religion
Replies: 41
Views: 1228

Re: Freedom of Religion

Then give me the possible alternatives. What alternative, secular basis for human rights would you propose? If you do not possess the ability to imagine possible alternatives then nothing I suggest will convince you. Heh. You haven't even given it the first try. Go ahead -- if you've got something....
by A_Seagull
Tue Apr 23, 2019 3:50 am
Forum: General Philosophical Discussion
Topic: Freedom of Religion
Replies: 41
Views: 1228

Re: Freedom of Religion

All you have to do to prove that true is to show that what you call "modern enlightenment" has a grounding assumption for human rights that is as good as Locke's. No I don't! Your claim of truth is only a claim to your ignorance of possible alternatives. Then give me the possible alternatives. What...
by A_Seagull
Tue Apr 23, 2019 1:02 am
Forum: Articles in Philosophy Now
Topic: Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996)
Replies: 15
Views: 653

Re: Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996)

Another thing I disagree with Kuhn is his belief in the usefulness and desirability of Occam's Razor (O.R.) O. R. is an accompanying phenomenon, not a law, not a logically true condition or a condition that decides between two claims which of the two is closer to the truth. O.R. is a misinterpretat...
by A_Seagull
Mon Apr 22, 2019 11:57 pm
Forum: Articles in Philosophy Now
Topic: Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996)
Replies: 15
Views: 653

Re: Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996)

Kuhn's work on paradigms applies not only to the philosophy of science but to the philosophy of philosophy as well.
by A_Seagull
Mon Apr 22, 2019 10:07 pm
Forum: General Philosophical Discussion
Topic: Freedom of Religion
Replies: 41
Views: 1228

Re: Freedom of Religion

Locke was living in a time when religion was pervasive. That is certainly true. He was a Protestant, in fact, though a somewhat unusual one. And he gave us the rationale for human rights, and grounded it solely in that worldview. That is true. It is irrelevant in modern enlightenment. All you have ...
by A_Seagull
Mon Apr 22, 2019 6:51 am
Forum: Aesthetics
Topic: Why do people watch porn?
Replies: 51
Views: 6028

Re: Why do people watch porn?

-1- wrote:
Sun Apr 21, 2019 8:06 pm
vegetariantaxidermy wrote:
Mon Jun 19, 2017 4:31 am
Why are Americans obsessed with 'double vanities' in their bathrooms? One is enough for normal people.
Same reason some people xerox their own butts. "Double your pleasure, double your fun."
I am guessing that you are working from personal experience on this one....
by A_Seagull
Mon Apr 22, 2019 6:49 am
Forum: Aesthetics
Topic: Why do people watch porn?
Replies: 51
Views: 6028

Re: Why do people watch porn?

Dubious wrote:
Mon Apr 22, 2019 12:59 am
Hormones, without which continuing the species would be an obligation rather than a pleasure meaning also that populations would be nowhere where they currently are. Nature made sure that ugly is not an obstacle.
Ugly is only in the eyes of the beholder...
by A_Seagull
Mon Apr 22, 2019 5:35 am
Forum: General Philosophical Discussion
Topic: Freedom of Religion
Replies: 41
Views: 1228

Re: Freedom of Religion

. According to Locke, the basis of the right to choose one's own religion is called "freedom of conscience." Freedom of conscience, says Locke, is inescapable, because God holds all persons accountable for their choices, and does so in what Locke calls, "the Great Day," the Day of Judgment. Locke e...
by A_Seagull
Sun Apr 21, 2019 12:42 am
Forum: Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics
Topic: Transforming formal proof into sound deduction (rewritten)
Replies: 78
Views: 1680

Re: Transforming formal proof into sound deduction (rewritten)

PeteOlcott wrote:
Sat Apr 20, 2019 9:57 pm
I just added the part that refutes Incompleteness.
How can you determine whether any statement S is within the formal system F or not within the formal system?
by A_Seagull
Sat Apr 20, 2019 9:32 pm
Forum: Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics
Topic: Transforming formal proof into sound deduction (rewritten)
Replies: 78
Views: 1680

Re: Transforming formal proof into sound deduction

Stipulating this definition of Axiom: An expression of language defined to have the semantic value of Boolean True. Stipulating this specification of True and False: (1) True(F, x) ↔ (F ⊢ x). (2) False(F, x) ↔ (F ⊢ ¬x). Then formal proofs to theorem consequences specify sound deduction. In sound de...
by A_Seagull
Sat Apr 20, 2019 5:02 am
Forum: Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics
Topic: Transforming formal proof into sound deduction (rewritten)
Replies: 78
Views: 1680

Re: Transforming formal proof into sound deduction

Stipulating this definition of Axiom: An expression of language defined to have the semantic value of Boolean True. Stipulating this specification of True and False: (1) True(F, x) ↔ (F ⊢ x). (2) False(F, x) ↔ (F ⊢ ¬x). Then formal proofs to theorem consequences specify sound deduction. In sound de...
by A_Seagull
Thu Apr 18, 2019 5:37 am
Forum: Logic and Philosophy of Mathematics
Topic: Tarski Undefinability Theorem Succinctly Refuted
Replies: 106
Views: 2960

Re: Tarski Undefinability Theorem Reexamined

... But here is the TL;DR. Physics produces models of the world in the language of Mathematics. As physics discovers new phenomena (ones that we have never experienced before), phenomena for which we have no language for - physicists go looking to Mathematicians for the language to express this exp...
by A_Seagull
Thu Apr 18, 2019 4:30 am
Forum: Articles in Philosophy Now
Topic: Humanity, Metaphor & the Recursive Mind
Replies: 2
Views: 269

Re: Humanity, Metaphor & the Recursive Mind

The main difference in thinking between humans and other species is the extensive use of language. That became more significant with the introduction of writing.
by A_Seagull
Wed Apr 17, 2019 9:52 pm
Forum: General Philosophical Discussion
Topic: All Knowledge is Assumption, Assumption is Knowledge
Replies: 80
Views: 2349

Re: All Knowledge is Assumption, Assumption is Knowledge

all knowledge proceeds from assumption, but is not all assumption I agree with this. But it is not easy to justify this. Particularly to those who adopt a naïve reality position. Ah, good, you admit you're unable to argue your position. For your information, I hold a view opposite to naive realism....