I used to find the U.S. political system to be the most democratic on Earth, for there are three fully-elected, seemingly of equal strength, bodies of government. However, I’m not any longer so sure, now that I witness how but one of those bodies, Congress, barely dominated by Republican representatives, holds both the (Democrat dominated) Senate and (Democrat) White House—as well as a majority of voting Americans who obviously chose them/him to govern—blatantly hostage. Unbelievably, the Republican-held Congress insists that gratuitously-rich Americans be allowed to only pay (in some cases) less than half the tax-rate of that paid by likely-struggling middle-income Americans! Why? ‘Because the very rich create jobs for so many Americans!’ Oh, I guess that explains why the U.S. unemployment rate is the highest it’s been (from what I’ve read) in quite a while. Rather, yes, the rich create jobs—McJobs, for Southeast Asians, at one to two dollars per 12-hour day. Yet, even if gratuitously-wealthy American businessmen do create millions of jobs, it’s but for their own gain: The epitome of capitalism dictates that when an employer invests in (pays a wage to) an employee—a living, breathing and often-vulnerable person—the employer expects a return from that investment of, say, 50-100 percent.
On another matter, exactly how does, in a moral sense, one businessperson “earn,” say, $100 billion, as Bill Gates came close to “earning” for some time? (Albeit, he’s now giving some back to society via some philanthropy.) One would think that to “earn” so many billions of dollars, a gratuitously rich person would be performing some super feat for humanity or the much-wanting eco-systems around most of the world; eliminating starvation, or alleviating a great deal of the mass suffering—e.g., through the mass distribution of much-needed medicines—occurring 24/7 around so much of this world.
Yet the multi-billionaires are not doing anything of the sort, regardless of the fact that they could so easily do so.
Forgive me if I answer the question directly.
The moral sense in which a person can earn $100billion is the moral position of might is right. In a country that valorises wealth, those that achieve a certain level are enabled to buy all the political representation they need. Those that achieve a certain level reach a point where they no longer have to pay tax.
American democracy is the greatest in the world, because they say so. They say it the loudest. They say it backed by al those dollars. So it must be true.
As for the separation of powers. I think you are under a misapprehension. The Supreme Court of the USA is loaded with political appointments. This is corrupt as there is no separation between the legislature and the judiciary. But then then as we have seen there is very little difference between the political parties, and without that there is no democracy at all.
Wealth is what talks in the US, and the wealthy are not capable of representing the poor, the dispossessed, the hungry; the unemployed and the sick without insurance.