Search found 542 matches

by Londoner
Tue Sep 19, 2017 11:49 am
Forum: Philosophy of Language
Topic: The First Words... The Origin of Human Language
Replies: 39
Views: 504

Re: The First Words... The Origin of Human Language

Pointing to a present object with the index finger is the precursor to language. Or we could argue that only when we stopped thinking words must be connected to something we can point at (or could point at if it was present) that we could develop language. Look at the two sentences above. Neither o...
by Londoner
Sun Sep 17, 2017 4:04 pm
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

PauloL wrote:
Sun Sep 17, 2017 3:09 pm
Londoner wrote:
Sun Sep 17, 2017 2:39 pm
True.

Are you prepared to discuss hemoglobin gene, one of Evolutionomics pearls?
Prepared? No! But I will look it up.
by Londoner
Sun Sep 17, 2017 2:39 pm
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

Yes, I mean "Cambrian", that was a lapsus calami , i.e. a typo. For multicellularity emergence 2.1 billion years ago, I mean the findings of macroorganisms near Franceville, Gabon. These macroorganisms extinguished before Cambrian explosion: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v466/n7302/edsumm/e1...
by Londoner
Sun Sep 17, 2017 11:02 am
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

For multicellularity to emerge, Earth had to have oxygen and it took billions of years for bacteria to create enough oxygen. They were quite visionary and did it with providential perseverance. Multicellularity first emerged 2.1 billion years ago, but something "went wrong" and it extinguished. The...
by Londoner
Sat Sep 16, 2017 5:29 pm
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

PauloL wrote:
Sat Sep 16, 2017 4:22 pm
This (picture of a fly) is a mass of individual cells in the same place.
Indeed it is.

No individual cell in that fly thinks; 'I am part of a fly, my purpose in life is to keep this fly flying'.
by Londoner
Sat Sep 16, 2017 2:29 pm
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

Pity that the fossil record jumps from unicellular forms to beings 1.000 or more cells. It isn't clear what is meant here. At what point do a collection of individual cells turn into a 'being'? If you have a mass of individual cells in the same place, then the environment of each cell will be affec...
by Londoner
Sat Sep 16, 2017 12:18 pm
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

Ok. So remind me; why two stories (in Genesis)? 'Why?' in what sense? I'd say because nobody is looking for consistency. If I turn on the TV and watch a couple of dramas, I do not feel the need for them to be consistent with each other. The dramas follow internal rules and I expect them to be reali...
by Londoner
Fri Sep 15, 2017 7:21 pm
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

I'd like to remember that the thread is: THEORY OF EVOLUTION - PERFECT? Off-topic is as far as talking about Saudi Arabia by now. Can't you create other threads accordingly as needed and keep this thread clean? I think the point made in the OP was discussed at length, likewise other criticisms. I'm...
by Londoner
Fri Sep 15, 2017 7:17 pm
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

If the bible is not about physics, why give any? I think it is because the Bible is (mostly) in the form of a history and so it starts at the beginning. You don't have to imagine; there are any number of extant creation myths. I only know about Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Greek in any depth.(You can...
by Londoner
Fri Sep 15, 2017 3:28 pm
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

Which ever way you look at it, the theological point (of creation stories) is that a god created the world. I think there is rather more to it than that. As I say, if that was all then why give two stories? I imagine that everybody assumed the world must have been created by some sort of God; what ...
by Londoner
Fri Sep 15, 2017 12:35 pm
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

Tell that to young Earth creationists. I understand that you don't read it literally; what makes you think the "stone age nomads" who wrote it didn't? They were as intelligent as you and me. Genesis has two different accounts of the creation of man and they would have spotted that. So the fact that...
by Londoner
Thu Sep 14, 2017 12:58 pm
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: An Irrefutable Refutation of Gettier Case II
Replies: 8
Views: 144

Re: An Irrefutable Refutation of Gettier Case II

Is the example quoted an 'exclusive or'? It might be an 'inclusive or', but the fact we can't tell is indicative of a problem. So, although we can translate the example into symbolic Ps and Qs, that does not preserve the meaning - or rather the lack of clarity - of the original. Nobody would ever sa...
by Londoner
Wed Sep 13, 2017 9:13 am
Forum: Epistemology - Theory of Knowledge
Topic: An Irrefutable Refutation of Gettier Case II
Replies: 8
Views: 144

Re: An Irrefutable Refutation of Gettier Case II

For casual readers, I should perhaps say that I understand the Gettier problems were concerned with what we understand by the term 'knowledge'. To have 'knowledge' the traditional (Platonic) idea was that I believe something, and the thing I believe is true. I must also believe it for a reason (my b...
by Londoner
Fri Sep 08, 2017 10:16 am
Forum: Philosophical Counselling
Topic: How to end my computer game addiction?
Replies: 14
Views: 987

Re: How to end my computer game addiction?

How about learning a language online, using something like Duolingo? Lots of little challenges to be overcome, a clear sense of progression. You can comment on the process and get responses from other 'players'. And unlike most computer games, you can use the skills you acquire in real life, with re...
by Londoner
Thu Sep 07, 2017 11:12 am
Forum: Philosophy of Science
Topic: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?
Replies: 696
Views: 11989

Re: The Theory of Evolution - perfect?

There is 'random' in the sense of 'not having a purpose'. Everything material is random in that sense, it simply is what it is, and acts as it must act. It does not have an objective; it does not imagine a future. This is true of evolution. There is also 'random' in the sense of a one-off; 'a random...